3470. 3 hours. Examination of philosophies and theoretical underpinnings of bilingual and ESL education, including a review of historical antecedents of bilingual education and evolution of federal and state language policies governing the education of language-minority children. Required for students seeking EC-6 certification with specialization in bilingual or ESL education and for all students seeking 4-8 certification. May be taken concurrently with EDBE 3480. Enrollment Requirements: Student must be DINDE-BS major to enroll in this class.