Fundamentals of geographic information systems (GIS). Basic cartographic principles, general geography concepts and spatial analysis, and hardware and software elements of GIS. Lab exercises in various applications of GIS technology to engineering, political science, health, environmental science, business, government, and criminal justice. GIS terminology, raster and vector data structures, data sources and accuracy, methods of data acquisition, conversion, input, and working with spatial databases. Working knowledge of Windows operating system required. Exercises require work in the computer lab outside class hours. There is an additional fee for this course.