The courses 540.290, 291, 390, and 391 guide the students through the open-ended problems in product and process design. Product design concerns the recognition of customer needs, the creation of suitable specifications, and the creation of new products to fulfill a societal need. Process design concerns the quantitative description of processes which serve to produce chemically-derived materials and the estimation of process profitability. Students work in small teams to complete a major project demonstrating their understanding of and proficiency in the principles of unit operations and design. Students report weekly both orally and in writing on their accomplishments. Some projects are single semester, but others can be multi-semester. Students can start in any semester and can work on projects for as many semesters as they want.