An investigation of responses to disease in different historical periods, with an emphasis on Europe and the United States in the 19th and 20th centuries. The social and cultural influences on medicine and public health are a recurring theme. Among the topics explored are the definition of health and illness, epidemic and endemic diseases, the rise of professional and scientific disease, therapeutics and theories of disease causation, public health and the individual, and the significance of class, gender, and race as factors shaping the experience of disease. Sophomore status and above required. Prerequisite: One course in US or European history, or permission of the instructor. Distribution Requirements: HE, PD.